Pure styrene is a colorless liquid that evaporates easily and has a sweet smell. A large number of people have been admitted to hospital. LG Polymers where the Vizag gas leak took place dealt with the production of such polystyrene materials including expandable polystyrene, a versatile plastic used to make a wide variety of consumer products like toys and appliances. Together with our operating partner TOTAL, we have developed a technology that operates at an ultra-low steam-to-oil ratio in the reactors with the longest operating runs between catalyst changes in the industry. Consumer products containing styrene include: packaging materials, insulation for electrical uses (i.e., wiring and appliances), insulation for homes and other buildings, fiberglass, plastic pipes, automobile parts, drinking cups and other items. In Visakhapatnam, the styrene gas leak caused acute breathlessness among many people, a few of whom asphyxiated to death. People carry a woman affected by a chemical gas leak in Vishakhapatnam. It can also harm reproduction and its impacts may go unnoticed for years after exposure. 6. A questionnaire on subjective symptoms was administered to 84 out of 93 persons living in the … Gassings due to methylene chloride, xylene, toluene, and styrene reported to Her Majesty's Factory Inspectorate 1961-80. A family are warned by doctors not to return to their Cornwall holiday home after a GP says they show signs of styrene poisoning. styrene gas poisoning antidote. Absorption of this compound can affect the central nervous system causing headache, nausea, vomiting and fatigue. STYRENE International Programme on ... analyses 8.1.1.2 Biomedical analyses 8.1.1.3 Arterial blood gas analysis 8.1.1.4 ... 9.1.2 Inhalation Inhalation is one of the most important routes of styrene poisoning. ThePrint tells you what this chemical is used for and how it affects the human body. Sudden and short-term exposure to styrene gas causes damage to mucous membranes, irritation in eyes and some adverse gastrointestinal effects. Neurologic symptoms Styrene dissolves in some liquids, but dissolves only slightly in water Compendium of Chemical Hazards: Styrene Page 5 of 14 Incident Management Physicochemical Properties CAS number 100-42-5 Molecular weight 104 Formula C 8 H 8 Common synonyms Ethenylbenzene; Phenylethylene; Vinylbenzene State at room temperature Liquid Volatility Vapour pressure 6.4 mm Hg at 25°C Specific gravity It often contains other chemicals that give it a sharp, unpleasant smell. Styrene is a poisonous gas that affects the eyes, skin, throat, and even the central nervous system. Styrene is slightly soluble in water, soluble in ethanol and very soluble in benzene and petroleum ether. A toxic gas leak at Visakhapatnam's LG Polymers plant on Thursday morning killed at least 11 people and forced 800 into hospital for treatment from poisoning. Watch this video to know more. 2. Teams of NDRF rushed to the spot and reports said the source of the gas leak was contained in the morning. It is also known as vinylbenzene, ethenylbenzene, cinnamene, or phenylethylene. We studied subjective health symptoms in a population accidentally exposed to high styrene concentrations in drinking tap water. A toxic gas leak at Visakhapatnam's LG Polymers plant on Thursday morning killed at least 11 people and forced 800 into hospital for treatment from poisoning. Its chemical structure is C6H5.CH=CH2 and its molecular mass 104.15. Determination of styrene in biological materials by gas chromatography (author's transl)]. Authorities say the leak came from styrene, a principal raw material at the plant, which makes polystyrene plastic. ... which is a less toxic form than styrene gas. They may use different techniques to limit the health effects based on the type of exposure. Styrene is primarily a synthetic chemical. Medical professionals treat the symptoms of exposure. However, styrene often contains other chemicals that give it a sharp, unpleasant smell. 2.1 Data of Styrene and Ethylbenzene Styrene, also known as phenylethylene, vinylbenzene, styrol, or cinnamene, C6H5–CH=CH2, is an impor-tant industrial unsaturated aromatic monomer. styrene gas poisoning antidote. Styrene 7,8-oxide may also undergo conjugation with glutathione, to form hydroxyphenylethyl mercapturic acid, although this has been demonstrated to be only a minor metabolite [2, 3]. 8. by | Nov 19, 2020 | UpKidz. 7. The contamination occurred during the reparation of a water tank. Chapter 5.12 Styrene General description Styrene (vinylbenzene, styrole) is a colourless, viscous liquid with a pungent odour and tendency to polymerize. It is the mucous membrane that is mainly affected by exposure to styrene gas. J Ind Hyg Toxicol 24(10):295-296. How styrene, chemical being blamed for Vizag gas leak deaths, affects human body Preliminary reports say leak of a chemical, called styrene, killed 7 people in Visakhapatnam. Spencer HC, Irish DD, Adams EM, Rowe VK [1942]. Karbowski R and Braun W (1978) Quantitative determination of styrene in biological samples and expired air by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (selected ion monitoring), Journal of Chromatography A, 10.1016/S0021-9673(00)91790-4, 160:1, (141-145), Online publication date: 1-Jan-1978. Styrene is used throughout the UK to line water mains and sewers. Sources and route of exposure The major source of exposure to styrene is from occupational exposure, since it … Styrene is used to make plastics, but it can also cause cancer and neurological damage. A condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection, inhalation of or exposure to a deleterious agent. It dissolves in some liquids but doesn't dissolve easily in water. Styrene, when burnt, becomes highly poisonous. The response of laboratory animals to monomeric styrene. An incident of massive styrene monomer gas poisoning Following a temporary and partial shutdown of the LG polymers factory for nearly 44 days due to the COVID-19 lockdown, routine maintenance of the plant was affected. Tiunov LA, Zhuvov VG, et al. Share post ; At a press briefing, Director General of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) S N Pradhan said leakage from the factory is now minimal but the force's personnel will be at the spot till it is totally plugged. 1. Removal of styrene from waste gas stream using a biofilter Bina et al 280-288281 Journal of Research in Medical Sciences 2004; 6: 1990, due to its adverse effects on human health, which threshold limit valve (TLV) vs. Time Weighted Average (TWA) was set to 0.085 g m-3 (50 ppm). The laboratory provided actual measured values below the limit of detection (LOD) (0.03 ng/mL). Uncategorized ; Nov 19. 2.4. 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