Direct Speech → Peter: “ I work in the garden.” Reported Speech … Because of this, you only ever use indirect speech in the past tense – and never in the present tense. (verb + that clause) She asked if they could stop for a rest. “Please stop it.” He asked her to please stop it. Jim’s mum: Don’t touch that pan – it’s hot! Study the examples below . General Verbs relating to conversation. Reported Speech: She told me to come here. In this lesson we learn about reported speech, the structure that we use when we report what another person has said, and reported speech rules. When we use direct speech, we use the same words but use quotation marks, “_”. Reported Speech → Susan said (that)* she worked in an office. He asked me, 'Have you finished reading the newspaper?' The verb in the direct speech example is in the present simple, but once we put the sentence in reported speech the verb shifts back to the simple past. (indirect speech) When we use the actual words of the speaker we use direct speech but when we give the substance of his speech in our own words we use indirect speech. She told him to wash his hands. Indirect Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. Let’s see what those changes are. They said they lived here for a long time. So far, so good? Here I is changed to she. Reported speech tenses rules When do we He said: "My mother is here." Tom: I think this is a great idea! When we want to tell somebody else what another person said, we can use either direct speech or reported speech. Peter: Andy, I didn't understand. Indirect (reported speech), doesn’t use quotation marks to show what the person said and it doesn’t have to be the exact words as what the person said. Reported speech. “Wake up early.” She told me to wake up early. Reported speech (summary): When Mary complained that she was tired out after walking so far, Peter said they could stop for a picnic. Correct Wrong. There are some changes to the verbs with reported speech; read the table to find out how each verb tense changes: We start with definition, we go with examples, we proceed with question answers and our support with you has no end and limits. Reported speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary When we use reported speech we do not repeat the exact words that were used. Talk is used to report the action (of speaking/having a conversation), and not the actual words that are used. Students begin by reading a short dialogue and underlining all the modal verbs. Whether we are relaying a message, or simply repeating what someone said, there are countless situations in which we may use reported speech, so ESL students must be taught and encouraged to master it. They said, “We must finish the work in time”. They said they had lived there for a long time. Always change the tense, although it is sometimes not necessary. Reported speech in song Reported speech sometimes shows up in popular songs. You do not need to change the time tenses in the following situations . 4. They said they had plans. We don't always have to do this, however. direct speech reported speech; She said, "I saw Mary yesterday." Reporting verbs. We use reporting verbs to introduce the information that was spoken previously. Thus we often have a choice. Reporting verbs. We often use “reported speech” when talking about a conversation that happened in the past. An order is when somebody tells you to do something. Rules Examples Sometimes when we change direct speech into reported speech we have to change time expressions too. They said, "We have plans." 4 Rules for Tense Changes in Reported Speech. Rule No. You said we were late. Like a pencil in the fridge: But generally speaking, we don’t use it. 3:-The 2nd Person Pronoun (i.e. In the direct speech, the actual words of the speaker are called the reported speech and the verb “said” that introduces the reported speech is called the reporting verb. Perhaps the trickiest aspects of reporting grammar are 1) associated grammar with certain verbs and 2) verb tense transformation. Dinner’s ready! Reported speech – Simple Past – Sentences – Exercise. He said he ate cheese. The singer Lisa Loeb begins the song "Stay" with a reported … If you need some more review on this subject please visit this video on English Grammar – Reported Speech. Today’s lesson is focused for new learners who want to learn Direct, Indirect speech in easy way. It depends on when we heard the direct speech and when we say the reported speech. “Bring it, please.” He asked her to bring it, please. Reported speech is used when you want to tell someone else what a person said before. 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