Kali River Goonch Catfish. Apart from giving drinking water and irrigating fields, the River Ganga is vital to India’s Hindu population for religious reasons as well. According to Hindu faith, there is … The barrages form barriers across the river. This river is the longest and the most sacred in India. Three-striped roofed turtle (Batagur dhongoka), Ganges river dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica), black-spotted turtle (Geoclemys hamiltonii), northern river terrapin (Batagur baska) and smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicilata) were found to be most vulnerable to entanglement with, and impacts from, waste fishing gear. The Ganges is the most sacred river to Hindus. The expedition researchers recorded the abundance, distribution and characteristics of waste fishing gear such as nets, ropes, string, floats and line along the river, complementing their surveys by speaking to fishers to understand the behavioural drivers that lead to waste fishing gear entering the environment. In turn, this severe pollution poses a threat to the life of humans, animals and many marine … The Ganga river basin is one of the largest inland river basin of India, draining a catchment of 0.86 million km 2 and supporting 43% of India’s population. We are currently looking into setting up a net recycling project, particularly at the sites where this discarding behaviour is prevalent,” said Nelms. The aquatic region of India is home to some of the biggest and giant aquatic creatures and the mighty rivers of India are also a good habitat for river monsters. Twenty-one species of conservation concern, as identified by the Wildlife Institute of India, with ranges that overlap with the sampling locations, were investigated during river bank surveys in Bhola, Chandpur, Rajbari (in Bangladesh) and Sahibganj, Patna, Varanasi, Kannau, Anupshahr, Rishikesh (in India). Background The Ganges Basin, one of the largest river basins in the world, drains an area of approximately 814,400 km2, spans three countries, and also has one of the largest human population densities. The Bull Shark is commonly found species of Shark also lives in fresh water of the Brahmaputra and Ganges rivers of West Bengal and Assam in eastern India. But climate change is endangering the holy river, reports Jasvinder Sehgal. Fisheries are a major source of food, leisure and income for humanity and fishers community globally. It is the largest river basin in our country covering over one-fourth of its total surface area. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. It consists of two rivers namely, the Ganga and Yamuna and their tributaries. In the late 1980s, India's government announced a plan to release specially bred flesh-eating turtles into the Ganges river. Most people would say it was a fish (susuk fish),” noted Sinha. In a major 2007–2009 study of fish in the Ganges basin (including the river itself and its tributaries, but excluding the Brahmaputra and Meghna basins), a total of 143 fish species were recorded, including 10 non-native introduced species. Additionally, Spirkovski et al. Many low dams and barrages put across river warrant fish migration. The Ganges River originates in the Himalayan Mountains. It consists of two rivers namely, the Ganga and Yamuna and their tributaries. Ganga is the largest river (2074 km) in India which stretches from Gangotri Glacier of Western Himalayas in Uttarkhand and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of India & Bangladesh, and eventually empties into the Bay of Bengal. The Ganga River is also used for irrigation, fishing, and bathing. For instance, the Farakka fish lifts do not seem to have been of any help due to the extremely low outflow of the Ganga River from it, and the commercial extinction of the Hilsa fisheries both upstream and downstream is clear with an estimated 99.9% decline. To return to mongabay use one of the following links: Lungfish. Severely polluted with human waste and industrial contaminants, the river provides water to about 40% of India's population across 11 states, serving an estimated population of 500 million people which is more than any other river in the world. In a major 2007–2009 study of fish in the Ganges basin (including the river itself and its tributaries, but excluding the Brahmaputra and Meghna basins), a total of 143 fish species were recorded, including 10 non-native introduced species. The biggest among them is the ‘current jaal’ or an extremely dense fishing net. Fish is an important element in the diet of people in India and particularly in Bangladesh, where religious beliefs restrict the availability of animal protein. 6 million tons of fertilizers and 9,000 tonnes of pesticides are used in agriculture within the basin. Eight different exotic fish species were recorded in a study on fishes in Ganga river, Rattan Lal Kataria, Minister of State in the Jal Shakti Ministry, said on Thursday. Ganga River: 139 South America: Ventuari: 520 322 40,000 2,000 Orinoco river: 140 South America: Inírida: 1,300 804 2,000 Guaviare River: 141 South America: Vichada: 580 359 25,000 2,000 Orinoco River: 142 Africa: Aruwimi: 1,030 640 116,100 2,000 Congo River: See also. It is often confused with the more common bull shark ( Carcharhinus leucas ), which also inhabits the Ganges River and is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Ganges shark. The Ganges Delta is a river delta in the South Asia region of Bengal, consisting of Bangladesh and the state of West Bengal, India. The Ganges, known primarily as Ganga in India, is a river that flows through India and Bangladesh.Formed by the confluence of the rivers Bhagirathi and Alaknanda, it is the longest river in India.The Ganges has played a tremendous role in the Indian civilization for more than two millennia supporting its population through its water and fertile plains, among other things. Local people live on fishing, farming and use the ferry boats to commute. Its total catchment area is 97.6 million ha (9.71 lakh km 2). The Ganges River catchment supports some of the world’s largest inland fisheries but no research has yet been conducted to examine the input of debris from this industry. If Prime Minister Modi sees the Ganga now, he will be able to spot fishes in its waters. It flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh. The idea is that members of the local community collect nets from the environment, which are then turned into products, such as carpet tiles. It selected stretches of the river along 25 cities in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. Thousands of animal carcasses and human corpses are being released into the river every day. In 1986, the government had launched the first phase of Ganga Action Plan (GAP-I) to protect the country’s largest river basin. The Lower Ganga (Narora Barrage) has severely affected fish migration & dried up the river in the downstream at least in lean season. A recent study that sampled 55 sites along the Ganga’s 2500 km stretch for microplastics found microplastics in 72 percent of the sediment samples. Kaveri is large South India river flows through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and emptying into the Bay of Bengal, the river is home to Mugger Crocodile or Indian Marsh Crocodile in Ranganathittu bird sanctuary. New Delhi: Lovers of hilsa, the fish considered a big delicacy in most Bengali households, have some good news to look forward to. The Ganges shark is known to inhabit only in freshwater rivers of eastern and northeastern India. The biggest among them is the ‘current jaal’ or an extremely dense fishing net. Goonch Catfish is the man-sized killer catfish and the biggest river monsters fish from India, found in the mountain rivers of North India and Nepal. Young fishermen at the Ganga: The fishing community knows the river and its ways unlike anyone else. Ganges River, Hindi Ganga, great river of the plains of the northern Indian subcontinent. The largest river delta in the world is formed as a result of Ganga falling into the bay of bengal. There are 15 protected areas along the Ganga, including the Turtle Wildlife Sanctuary and Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Wildlife Sanctuary. “Waste and active fishing gear impact aquatic wildlife in similar ways, but what we know about them differs quite significantly. New Delhi, Sep 17 (PTI) Eight different exotic fish species were recorded in a study on fishes in Ganga river, Rattan Lal Kataria, Minister of State in the Jal Shakti Ministry, said on Thursday. Gawsia Wahidunnessa Chowdhury of Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, study co-author and member of the Sea to Source expedition, said some areas directly or indirectly get conservation attention through different steps such as ban on fishing and angling. Fishery Science and Aquaculture ALIGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITY 2. “This has clear welfare implications for the individual animals but may also cause declines in populations of species that are of conservation concern,” observed Nelms. Once your account is created, you'll be logged-in to this account. Several fish markets are thriving in villages close to the Ganga river. The longest river of Europe is the River Volga. Singh also stressed that forest management/enforcement needs to go beyond the protected stretches in riverine systems. These dolphins swim on their sides when moving through the water, and lack good eyesight. © 2010-2021. Freshwater Fish Species in Ganges River [Indian subcontinent] The tables below were generated from Fishbase.org - A project to provide indexing and links for all known species as the baseline dataset for studies of global biodiversity. These nets are particularly detrimental to fauna in a linear system such as riverine areas. Ganga river dolphins also have to deal with chronic noise pollution. Big size prawn fish are on this ganga ghat. The Ganges river system (known as the Ganga in India and Padma and Meghna in Bangladesh) has been identified as one of the 14 continental rivers in the world into which over a quarter of global waste is discarded; it is considered the second-largest plastic pollution-contributing catchment in the world (0.12 million tonnes of plastic discharged per year). Nelms underscored that since waste gear is not monitored and can move over large distances, humans don’t necessarily observe how it interacts with wildlife. Ganga is the largest river (2074 km) in India which stretches from Gangotri Glacier of Western Himalayas in Uttarkhand and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of India & Bangladesh, and eventually empties into the Bay of Bengal. Generally, we know more about how entanglement in active gear (called ‘by-catch’) affects species because fishers encounter the animals more frequently while checking their nets, etc.,” study author Sarah Nelms, University of Exeter, Cornwall, told Mongabay-India. In the late 1980s, India's government announced a plan to release specially bred flesh-eating turtles into the Ganges river. Concerned over the dwindling numbers of the fish in Ganga, the government-run National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has embarked on an ambitious, technology-aided project to help conserve and increase the natural stock of hilsa in the river. Ranganathittu sanctuary has largest fresh water crocodile population in Karnataka state. Female river dolphins grow slightly larger than males. The width of this river can go up to 36 – 37 kilometers at certain points. Geographically the Ganges, also known as Ganga is the third largest river (2,525 km in length) in the world by discharge. Fish passes constructed at barrages on the Yamuna River (Hathnikund barrage) and the Ganga barrage at Haridwar have been … A recent study found that increased ship traffic and dredging are stressing the dolphins and changing how they communicate. The largest river delta in the world is formed as a result of Ganga falling into the bay of bengal. “This reduces plastic pollution in the environment and provides a source of income for fishers and their communities,” said Nelms. This river is now threatened by severe pollution. All links below take you to pages on the fishbase.org site. The Auspicious Ganga • The river Ganga originates in the Garhwal Himalayas (30° 55' N; 70° 7' E) at an elevation of 4100 m above mean sea level from Gangotri glacier in the western Himalayas in the Uttrakhand state of India. The river Ganges is the largest river in India and the fifth longest in the world. Goonch is a monster catfish and man-sized killer catfish found in the Kali … [3] The extent, and enforcement, of fisheries management restrictions, differ among the various regions of Bangladesh and India and likely influence the temporal trends and spatial patterns of waste fishing gear and types of equipment found, according to the researchers. Ganges river dolphin is National Aquatic Animal of India and protected under the Indian Wildlife Act, National Chambal Sanctuary and Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary are only two sanctuary in India dedicated to South Asian river dolphin. Most of the time the fisher community is not interested in catching animals; the fish catch matters,” Singh, who was not associated with the study, told Mongabay-India. Scientists associated with the Sea to Source expedition carried out a biodiversity threat assessment of Gangetic wildlife species most at risk from entanglement in abandoned, lost, or otherwise discarded fishing gear (ALDFG) in nine sampling sites along the river in Bangladesh coast in the Bay of Bengal to upstream in the Himalayas in Rishikesh, India. We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. The confluence of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers at Devprayag in India. This system alone harbours not less than 265 species of fish. Image source:dailymail. Fish And Fisheries Of River Ganga Ankita M. Sc. The total combined length of the Gangetic river system is 12,500 km. It is the longest river in India. Current work was assumed to study the fish catch from the Ganga river at Allahabad during the period July 2015 to June 2016. “Even if you confiscate the gill nets it doesn’t impact the fishers financially; they know its easily available and cheap, compared to the cotton nets,” said Singh. The biggest river in the world, measured by the amount of water that flows down it, is the Amazon. The Ganges River, also called Ganga, is a river located in northern India that flows toward the border with Bangladesh ().It is the longest river in India and flows for around 1,569 miles (2,525 km) from the Himalayan Mountains to the Bay of Bengal. Indian softshell turtle is one of the largest turtle found in the Ganges, Indus and Mahanadi rivers of India. The study comes amid an increasing awareness on understanding what impacts plastic is having on species living in and around rivers. People are catching fish at Ganga River at Kolkata. The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India.It is often confused with the more common bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas), which also inhabits the Ganges River and is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Ganges shark. This high turn-over rate and disposal method is bad news for the river and its wildlife because most of the gear is made from plastic and does not biodegrade, meaning that it will continue to capture animals for a long time. The Ganges River supports more than 100 types of fish species, nearly 100 different amphibians, 5 crustaceans and various reptiles and birds. River Ganga is the third largest river in the world by the amount of water that flows through it. As a UNESCO world heritage, the Sunderbans area of India shelters lots of mangrove forest and animals. “We always tell management and enforcement officials to look out for gill nets. Bull sharks are apex predators and humans are their biggest threat,bull shark is responsible for biting swimmers around the Indian rivers. “Raising awareness among the people to reduce plastic pollution (that mainly originate from the mismanaged plastic wastes) is essential. It is the most sacred river to Hindus. 4. The Ganges stingray or Gangetic stingray is a species of stingray in the freshwater rivers of India and one of the largest species of stingray found in India. National Chambal Sanctuary also called as the National Chambal Gharial Wildlife Sanctuary is the only wild home for endangered Gharial. The more surprises that the Catfish found in the Amazon River of America How did it come here Ganges River in Varanasi, the more worrying it is for scientists. Apart from giving drinking water and irrigating fields, the River Ganga is vital to India’s Hindu population for religious reasons as well. The river Ganges holds deep religious and ritualistic significance for India's million of Hindus. The river water of Ganga is used for irrigation, transportation and fishing. The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India. Banner image: Higher levels of waste fishing gear were reported in sampling sites near the sea. It flows primarily in a southerly direction through Russia into the Caspian Sea. The endangered Ganges river dolphin and species of threatened freshwater turtle and otter are wildlife “most at risk” from getting tangled up in waste fishing gear adrift in the transboundary Ganges river system, research has said. The Gharial is critically endangered and one of the longest of all living crocodilians species native to India and it will go extinct in next 10 year or so. Riverine fishery of the Ganga basin supports one of the largest fishing populations in India (Sarkar et al., 2017). This system alone harbours not less than 265 species of fish. Push Notifications Powered by, 12 Species of Giant and Small Tree Squirrels of India, 10 Species of Flying Squirrels Found in The Indian-Subcontinent, 15 Most Amazing Nocturnal Animals in India, Lesser Known 5 Types of Bengal Tigers Found in India, 9 States With Presence of Real Black Panther in India, Five Types of Wild Leopards Found in India, Big 5 of Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve of Maharashtra, Top 5 Best Sites for Reintroduction of Cheetah in India, Top 5 Sanctuaries for Leopard Sighting in India. They are a cadre of about 1000 local community members from Ganga states who are actively involved in conservation. The project is called Net-Works and has proved so successful in reducing waste gear in coastal areas in the Philippines and Cameroon that it has now spun out into the new social enterprise Coast-4C. Shailendra Singh, Director of Turtle Survival Alliance, India, adds that the easy availability of nylon gill nets also adds to the complexity of the challenge. Essay # 4. Ganges River is the longest river in India and it provides water to about 40% of India’s population. Red-bellied piranha is one of the most dreaded fish species in the world,has found its way into the Godavari river in Andhra Pradesh. Pollution of the Ganges (or Ganga), the largest river in India, poses significant threats to human health and the larger environment. The largest is the Farraka Barrage, which diverts most of the flow down the Hooghly Canal and has been the source of considerable political disagreement between India and Bangladesh, although a Water Sharing Agreement was reached in 1995. However, the presence of sensitive species and habitats in protected areas may mean that protected areas are more vulnerable. River Ganga is the third largest river in the world by the amount of water that flows through it. “Earlier, the fisher community used handspun cotton nets that could be torn off by the animal if they got entangled in it. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific is implementing the Promotion of Action against Marine Plastic Litter in Asia and the Pacific (CounterMEASURE II) project that aims to generate, share and disseminate scientific knowledge on plastic pollution in the Mekong, Ganges and selected rivers in Sri Lanka and Myanmar to inform policy and decision-making processes at the local, national, regional and global level. This is concerning, researchers say, since the Indian government has plans to expand the Ganga waterway, increasing the number and frequency of the ships that ply the river. The waters then flow through the delta region to the Bay of Bengal via innumerable channels, the largest of which is known as the Meghna estuary. Although ingestion of debris can pose a risk to fauna, the threat assessment focused on entanglement because entanglement in plastic pollution, such as waste fishing gear, is known to cause mortality and injury in various aquatic vertebrate species. The ... active netting of fish and open defecation. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Ganges shark is a critically endangered species found in the River Ganges and the Brahmaputra of India, Its different species of river shark which can be confused with the Ganges and Brahmaputra river bull shark. Also, it is the lifeline to millions of Indians. Giant aquatic creatures and river monsters of India includes Indian mottled eel,Indian mahseer, Freshwater crocodile,Dwarf snakeheads,Wallago attu,Flathead catfish,large water snake,Dugongs and saltwater crocodile. This was most common in Sahibganj in India and Rajbari and Chandpur in Bangladesh. The expedition leveraged support of the praharis for the socio-economic and education component of the project. Led by women scientists, this expedition is the world’s first ground-truthing effort to verify the quantum of plastic load that a freshwater body carries to the sea and substantiate theory as well as models proposed in research. Indian humpback Mahseer is most iconic fresh-water fish found only in the Cauvery Basin of Indian river system and is on the brink of extinction. The Ganges River contains the Ganges River dolphin, a small mammal cetacean, or marine mammal, resembling the Indus River dolphin. They are easily available at the ghats of river Ganga, which people use and throw in the river. Several fish markets are thriving in villages close to the Ganga river. Eco-friendly substitutes for plastic could be tried as an alternative material for fashioning nets, “but they have to meet their purpose: it should be wildlife-friendly, any animal should not get entangled and the fishers should be able to get the volume of catch they require. The purpose of the exercise was to study fish and fisheries of river Ganga, assess the key habitat variables in relation to fish distribution and various biological activity of the fishes, seed production (in-situ) of selected fish species, fish ranching in the depleted river stretches and to conduct awareness programme on sustainable fisheries and conservation to local fishermen. Although, many studies on fish ecology and systematic have been conducted largely to improve fisheries but fish diversity and their distribution pattern from conservation point of view have never been adequately addressed in the Ganges. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Promotion of Action against Marine Plastic Litter in Asia and the Pacific (CounterMEASURE II), You may republish Mongabay content in your publication at no cost. The Ganga river system is the largest river system in India. Pollution of the Ganges (or Ganga), the largest river in India, poses significant threats to human health and the larger environment. In core of protected areas the rules are enforced but we encourage management officials to also look out for such practices beyond the protected areas. Goonch is a monster catfish and man-sized killer catfish found in the Kali River in India and really a River Monsters of Indian Subcontinent. By highlighting the most at-risk species, focused interventions, such as monitoring programs, can be developed to better understand the impacts and potential solutions, the authors emphasise. The 2,525 km-long Ganga binds five Indian states along its main stem and 11 in her entire basin that is home to 625 million people. Zoology (IV Sem.) Many ecological parameters like dissolved oxygen conductivity indicated that the river health is improving, Kataria said. The endangered Ganges river dolphin and species of threatened freshwater turtle and otter are wildlife “most at risk” from getting tangled up in waste fishing gear adrift in the transboundary Ganges river system, research has said. It flows through Nepal, China, India and Bangladesh. Despite its cultural and religious importance, the river has rapidly degraded since the 20th century due to human activities. They capture Prawn fish sitting on the boat. Ganges River dolphins have long, narrow snouts and outer coats in brown or gray colors. The Ganga rises as Bhagirathi in Himalyas at 'Gaumukh' at the height of 4255 m in Uttrakashi region in Uttarakhand. The river water of Ganga is used for irrigation, transportation and fishing. The everyday number would be in lakhs. It is likely due to the high prevalence of fishing activity at these sites combined with the downstream accumulation of waste gear from further up the river. The Ganges River begins in the Himalayas, roughly three hundred miles north of Delhi and five miles south of India’s border with Tibet, where it emerges from an … This invasive fish species from Godavari River is indeed a river monster of Indian rivers and ranked as one of the world’s most deadliest fish. Ravindra Kumar Sinha adds that government policies such as the National Mission for Clean Ganga do seek to reduce plastic pollution in rivers but their execution needs to be strengthened on the ground which shows the need for improved awareness of the significance of biodiversity around river systems and how their conservation is connected to human well-being. 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