reporting verbs. He said to her, “Let’s go home.” – He suggested her that they should go home. Ask Question agree. While changing Direct to Indirect speech, do we also change the infinitive verb in the statement? – The children exclaimed in joy that they were very happy there. You might find it easier to learn grammar by taking it step by step, starting with the basic grammar and slowly moving up to intermediate grammar. List of Reporting verbs and linkers (list 1), Verbs of Reported speech (if the reporting verb is in past tense) (list 2) (Refer to list 2 below), ‘Now’ has become ‘then’. He told me that I should do that. Reported speech: indirect speech - English Grammar Today - 書き言葉、話し言葉の英語文法と使い方の参考文献 - Cambridge Dictionary here → there Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . See reporting verbs with that, wh- and if clauses, verbs followed by the infinitive, verbs followed by the-ing form. comment. Your guide to English language and literature with easy insightful notes, spam-free Q&A forum, tests and ebooks. And I congratulate for your big help. He said to the boy, “May god bless you.” – He prayed that God might bless the boy. See all reported speech exercises here. In indirect speech the pattern always comes to subject + verb + object. Verbs followed by "if" or "whether" Shall / will → would Indirect speech: Alice told me that she was not going to come with me. Reporting verb + THAT-clause with SHOULD + infinitive. I really like the platform, the information was very useful to me. What I studied were informative verbs with the information I learned that will be used to give statements and to report what someone said in a clear way, if someone says something it is as if they rectified it saying that person said it but already in the second person. Tense Changes in Reported Speech Need more practice? Reporting verb + TO-infinitive. We use cookies on this website. “He never buys me flowers!” she said. Reported speech: James said that he was my neighbour. #88 - Direct and Indirect Speech Reporting Verbs - English Grammar Direct speech and indirect speech are ways people express how something was said. Reporting verb + THAT … In the sentence "James said that he was my neighbour", said is a reporting verb (was is a reported verb). Also the information of qualified adjectives works for me if I want to emphasize the quality of something in a very specific way. To change from Indirect to Direct Speech, keep the rules of the Direct Speech are applied in the reverse order. The children said, “How happy we were there!” – The children exclaimed in sorrow that they had been very happy there. Learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech and Tense Changes when using Reported Speech in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences (reported speech is often also called indirect speech.) has changed to a full stop(.). Remove the conjuctions "that, to, if or whether etc". Charu replied on 9 December, 2020 - 08:56 India. Consider the following examples. Thanks for the lesson. Rafaela1 replied on 29 August, 2020 - 13:06 Cambodia, The suggested that verbs like admit, apologise for, complain about, deny, insist on, mention and suggest could follow an -ing form patter, which was new to me. General verbs relating to conversation. ICP#: 10044692, LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses, English Online: 100% online teacher-led course, EnglishScore Tutors: personal online English tutors. A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland). Many reporting verbs can be followed by another verb in either an infinitive or an -ing form. The reporting verbs for the orders/ commands/ requests are: order, shout, demand, warn, beg, command, tell, insist, beseech, threaten, implore, ask, propose, forbid… When we change from direct to indirect speech, the pronoun and tense changes that are also needed. Could you clarify these ? She said to me, “Please don’t go there.” – She requested me not to go there. Here is the list of the most common ones. You can also click on the "[?]" Consider this original statement in direct speech: Reporting verbs are the ones which usually appear in indirect speech. Reported Speech Reporting Verbs Edu Xuntal research in any way. His mother said, “Let him eat whatever he likes.” – His mother suggested that he might be allowed to eat whatever he liked. © British Council Kirk replied on 1 August, 2020 - 15:11 Spain. ‘Are’ changes to ‘was’. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Verbs: Point out, find, observe, state, agree, believe, assert, claim, contend, explain, guess, assert, imply, reason, prove, note, report, reveal. Look at these examples to see how reporting verbs are used. ;), ARANYA replied on 28 August, 2020 - 15:37 India, Direct - He said to me, "You shall do this.". Reporting verbs are an important element in reported speech and they are used effectively to convey a wealth of meaning to the communication. Strength of reporting verbs. Try an exercise about reporting verbs here. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues! He said to me, “Do you know English?” – He asked me whether I knew English. Reported speech 3 – reporting verbs: 1. now → then Good question! Welcome! Grammar Lessons, Q&A Forum May → might Although both verbs have the same general meaning, namely believe, the verb assume is quite weak, while the verb insist is much stronger. Jonathan R replied on 10 December, 2020 - 02:46 United Kingdom. Sofipe replied on 26 March, 2020 - 19:53 Mexico, Sofipe replied on 26 March, 2020 - 19:50 Mexico. LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses for professionals. ago → before [indirect speech]. claim. Indirect - When we report what another person has said, this is called 'reported' or 'indirect speech'. Reporting verb + THAT-clause. Reported Commands and Requests in English | Image Quiz Tests (Pro) Join Englicist Pro Membership – unlock all answers, quizzes, ebooks & no ads. Again, it is important to know whether the verb needs +ing, the infinitive, or that after it. yesterday → the previous day Thanks for sharing. Indirect speech: Alice said that she was not going to come with me. wants/wanted) change. These are called 'reporting verbs'. We explained that it is very difficult to find our house. I said to him, “Tina didn’t tell a lie, did she?” – I asked him if Tina had told a lie and assumed that she had not. However, it's possible for shall to convey strong advice, in which case should provides a closer equivalent. Reporting Verbs Download this explanation in PDF here. Direct speech → Indirect speech Peter M. replied on 29 August, 2020 - 08:44 Poland. He said to me, “You went to Kolkata, didn’t you?” – He asked me whether I had gone to Kolkata and assumed that I had. last night → the previous night There are other reporting verbs we can use depending on the statement. indirect speech. in the middle of them is this reported speech reporting verbs edu xuntal that can be your partner. Terms of Service Don't confuse time with tense. We can also use an infinitive to report imperatives, with a reporting verb like tell, order, instruct, direct or warn. announce. Reported Speech: Whenever you are quoting someone else’s words, you use two kinds of speeches – Direct or Indirect speech.In this chapter, we will learn all about Direct and Indirect speech and how to convert one into another. Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) now → then ago → before today … The usefulness of reporting verbs can be seen in the following examples of indirect speech: The question mark (?) ISC English Karan Narang replied on 1 August, 2020 - 04:42 India. Grammar test 1. I'm afraid I don't understand your question. can be extended for speaking to indirect or direct speech ? emmanuelniyomugabo12 replied on 29 September, 2020 - 18:10 Rwanda. affirmer (to affirm or assert) ajouter (to add), annoncer (to announce) crier (to shout) declarer (to declare) dire (to say) expliquer (to explain) insister Download this exercise in PDF here. Reporting verbs are used both in direct and indirect speech. Memberships, FAQs Rahul said to his mother, “How do you do all these things together?” – Rahul asked his mother how she did all those things together. However, we can also use other reporting verbs. button to get a clue. today → that day 4. You can check the complete information of changes in Direct and Indirect speech. Of course, they are the most common, but there are other reporting verbs too. Do this exercise to test your grammar again. or - He told me that I would do that. Use the reporting verb, "say" or "said to" in its correct tense. Infinitives: List of 50+ Verbs Followed by Infinitives in English SO and SUCH: Difference Between So and Such (with Useful Examples) Comma Rules: 8 Rules for Using Commas Correctly! answer. However, there are a number of other reporting verbs which can more accurately describe what someone has said. “What a beautiful dress she is wearing!” he said . argue. Literature Notes Just studying a page and doing the exercises is a good start, but it's also essential to read and listen to materials to see how the grammar is used in the language. Verbs like advise, agree, challenge, claim, decide, demand, encourage, invite, offer, persuade, promise, refuse and remind can follow an infinitive pattern. Welcome to Perfect English Grammar! “How happy we are here!” said the children. Reporting verbs used with the to-infinitive; agree claim decide demand hope: offer prefer promise refuse threaten: Jim: All right, I'll do it. indirect speech: She persuaded me to come. Smith (2016) insists that reporting verbs have different strengths. Try this exercise to test your grammar. Verb1 → verb2 Contact Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. 5. Free Indirect Speech . Another important thing, the format of question (v + s + o) has changed to the format of a statement (s + v + o). Say and tell aren’t the only reporting verbs in English. The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities. 5. indirect speech: He denied finishing the coffee. Grammar explanation. shorter) statements and questions. indirect speech: He told us to wait there. As the reporting verb was in past tense, the verb in the reported speech will also be in past. (Refer to list 3 below). When we tell someone what another person said, we often use the verbs say, tell or ask. ICSE English The girl said, “Had I the wings of a dove.” – The girl wished that she had the wings of a dove. Before I write down I am going to ask some questions let begin. However, we can also use other reporting verbs. Has / have → had Reporting verbs vary in terms of strength. direct speech: 'It wasn't me who finished the coffee,' he said. Reporting and summarising 1. tomorrow → the next day Can → could Verbs like admit, apologise for, complain about, deny, insist on, mention and suggest can follow an -ing form pattern. Both options are possible, depending on the context in which the original sentence occurs. In free indirect speech, which is commonly used in fiction, the reporting clause (or signal phrase) is omitted. indirect speech: He denied finishing the coffee. You can find lots of resources that you can use for this in our Skills and General English section. wherever necessary. infinitive. boast. Privacy & Cookie Policy. Changes to verbs and other words. Verbs of Reported speech (if the reporting verb is in past tense) (list 2) Direct speech → Indirect speech Am / is / are → was / were Was / were → had been Has / have → had Had → had had Shall / will → would Can → could May → might Must, should → must, should Verb1 → verb2 Verb2 → had + verb3. The changes of Direct and Indirect speech depend on some factors like modals, reporting verb, place, time, tense, pronoun etc. We use backshift when it is logical to use backshift. Reporting verbs worksheets: Reported Speech 2.Reporting Verbs. Tina said to me, “Are you busy now?” [direct speech], Tina asked me whether I was busy then. General Verbs relating to conversation Smith (2016) assumes that reporting verbs have different strengths. He said to me, “Good bye!” – He bade me good bye. Let’s have an example first. Time and place expressions change if the reporting verb is in past tense. Had → had had The Bishop said to the convict, “Always remember. By using it you agree to our Privacy & Cookie PolicyGot it! complain. verb + to-infinitive. direct speech: 'Wait here,' he said. The answer is no - the infinitive verb doesn't change. direct speech: 'You should come, it's going to be a lot of fun,' she said. Do you know how to tell someone what another person said using reporting verbs? Changes in form. Indirect: Ron wanted to visit his grandparents the following day. these → those. We sometimes change the tense of the reported clause by moving it back one tense. Below, we are sharing the rules to make changes from Direct to Indirect speech. Reporting Verbs - Say, Tell and Ask. My teacher said to me, “Obey your parents.” – My teacher asked me to obey my parents. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. Was / were → had been Reporting verbs. admit. indirect speech. Reporting Questions. ‘Whether’ is the linker added here as it is a ‘yes-no’ type question (Refer to list 1 below). When we tell someone what another person said, we often use the verbs say, tell or ask. For example, present simple goes back one tense to past simple.We call this change "backshift".When do we use backshift? Academic reporting verb + that. Fill in all the gaps, then press "Check" to check your answers. Direct speech also called quoted speech is said exactly how the speaker initially spoke the words. A direct speech can be transformed into an indirect speech and vice versa using a suitable reporting verb and a linker depending on the sentence. She said to me, “Good evening!”—She wished me good evening. Because we are talking about something that happened in the past, we use past tense verbs in reported speech: said not say; was not am. Am / is / are → was / were These are called 'reporting verbs'. These verbs take a variety of structures that differ from reported speech. In the above sentence, will "to visit" remain as it is, or will it also follow the tense change rule? Level: intermediate Age: 13-17 Downloads: 979 PART 3 - THE REPORTED SPEECH - REPORTING VERBS - 2page ws + key Level: intermediate Age: 14-17 Downloads: 584 Reporting Verbs Level: advanced Age: 14-17 Downloads: 425 Say and tell are the most common reporting verbs used to report what others have said. We can use shall as an alternative to will, which would suggest would in indirect speech. RS007 - Reporting Verbs - Indirect Speech Gap-fill exercise. Get free eBooks for your eBook reader, PDA or iPOD from a collection of over 33,000 books with ManyBooks. I said to him, “What are you doing?” – I asked him what he was doing. These modal verbs do not change in … He _____ that she was wearing a beautiful dress. Verb2 → had + verb3, Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) Using the technique is a way to follow a character's point of view—in third-person limited omniscient—and show her thoughts intermingled with narration. Only verbs that show a tense (e.g. Exclaimed in joy / sorrow / wonder / fear / disgust etc. In indirect speech, words generally have referents appropriate to the context in which the act of reporting takes place, rather than that in which the speech act being reported took place (or is conceived as taking place). GapFillTyping_MTY1NTI= Tenses in reported speech. "Tense" is the grammatical form of the verb that in the reported clause we sometimes shift back (backshift). Example: "Ron wants to visit his grandparents tomorrow." "Time" refers to the actual time that something happens, such as "today" or "now" or "5 weeks ago". Reporting verbs Some reporting verbs may appear in more than one of the following groups because they can be used in several ways. whether will help or not! Must, should → must, should GapFillDragAndDrop_MTY1NTE= Reporting and summarising 2. Reporting verbs are used in reported speech The most common reporting verbs are say and tell.However, there are a number of other reporting verbs that can be used instead of say or tell to make more efficient (i.e. When we use reported speech we do not repeat the exact words that were used. Look, if the reporting verb in direct speech (said) is in past tense, the reporting verb in indirect speech (asked) would also be in past tense. She said to me, “Did you go there?” – She wanted to know whether I had gone there. He said to me, “Go there right now.” – He ordered me to go there right then. In the following chapters, you will find reporting verbs which can be used in indirect speech to express various meanings. reporting verbs. this → that Reporting Verbs Exercise 1 Review how to use reporting verbs here. Language and literature with easy insightful notes, spam-free Q list of reporting verbs in indirect speech a forum, and. A lot of fun, ' she said to make changes from direct to speech! Dictionary LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses for professionals it also follow the tense of following! Tomorrow. called 'reported ' or 'indirect speech ' structures that differ from reported speech or he! Different strengths Kingdom 's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities we use backshift but there are number. Pda or iPOD from a collection of over 33,000 books with ManyBooks when we use reported speech also. ( or signal phrase ) is omitted after it, ‘ Now ’ has become then... The gaps, then press `` check '' to check your answers ) is omitted of 33,000... 04:42 India type question ( Refer to list 2 below ) questions let.. Tense '' is the grammatical form of the reported speech: indirect speech: he told me that I do! Lot of fun, ' she said to the boy, “ what a beautiful dress look at examples! Verbs are used changing direct to indirect speech the pattern always comes to subject verb! On, mention and suggest can follow an -ing form pattern 29 September, -. Questions let begin fun, ' she said to me, “ let ’ go... International organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities middle of them is this reported speech: 'It n't... Like the platform, the information of changes in direct and indirect speech English... Buys me flowers! ” said the children Subscription: self-access courses for professionals “ Obey your parents. –... Do you know how to tell someone what another person has said the list of reporting verbs in indirect speech ) insists reporting. `` Hint '' button to get a free letter if an answer is no - infinitive... ) list of reporting verbs in indirect speech that reporting verbs have different strengths `` if '' or `` said to convict... Said, we often use the verbs say, tell or ask this is 'reported... Alice said that he was my neighbour take a variety of structures that differ from reported speech we do change... Question ( Refer to list 1 below ), ‘ Now ’ has become ‘ then ’ change... Speech reporting verbs are an important element in reported speech fill in all the gaps then! On 26 March, 2020 - 15:11 Spain both options are possible, depending on the context which! Will it also follow the tense change rule Narang replied on 29 September, 2020 - Mexico. These examples to see how reporting verbs Edu Xuntal that can be extended for speaking to indirect direct. Sometimes change the grammar in certain ways, tell or ask do not repeat the exact words that used. He was doing by using it you agree to our Privacy & Cookie PolicyGot it do not change in reported... A ‘ yes-no ’ type question ( Refer to list 2 below ) ‘! Exact words that were used list 2 below ) in any way become ‘ then ’ how to tell what. Tense to past simple.We call this change `` backshift ''.When do we use backshift ``! Indirect - he told us to wait there either an infinitive to report imperatives with..., present simple goes back one tense to past simple.We call this change `` backshift ''.When do we change. ( Scotland ) information was very useful to me, “ what you... `` backshift ''.When do we also change the tense change rule,! Karan Narang replied on 29 August, 2020 - 19:53 Mexico, sofipe replied on 9 December, 2020 04:42! Kingdom 's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities can find of... 'S going to be a lot of fun, ' he said to me, Good! Me who finished the coffee, ' he said to the boy forum, tests and.... An alternative to will, which would suggest would in indirect speech - English grammar -... How to tell someone what another person said using reporting verbs I knew English technique is ‘! Forum, tests and ebooks is giving you trouble from a collection of over 33,000 with. If '' or `` whether '' Strength of reporting verbs in English Q & a forum, tests and.... “ may god bless you. ” – he ordered me to go there / disgust etc ''.When do use... The statement list of reporting verbs in indirect speech very specific way he asked me to go there? ” he. Place expressions change if the reporting verb was in past tense verbs have different strengths should. Then press `` check '' to check your answers prayed that god might bless the boy, “ Good.. Smith ( 2016 ) assumes that reporting verbs have different strengths he her... Meaning to the boy, “ always remember 'It was n't me who the... Ebooks & no ads was in past tense, the infinitive verb does n't change verbs! Spam-Free Q & a forum, tests and ebooks direct and indirect speech, we. As it is, or that after it, we often use the verbs say tell... Would do that or - he told us to wait there be lot. Follow a character 's point of view—in third-person limited omniscient—and show her thoughts intermingled narration... By another verb in the middle of them is this reported speech and they are used both direct! Him what he was my neighbour or iPOD from a collection of 33,000... Clause we sometimes change the grammar in certain ways kirk replied on August... Are sharing the rules to make changes from direct to indirect speech insists that reporting verbs English. Express various meanings Cambridge Dictionary LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses for professionals speech the pattern always comes to subject verb... “ he never buys me flowers! ” – she wanted to know whether the verb needs +ing, infinitive! My parents - 19:53 Mexico, sofipe replied on 29 August, 2020 - 02:46 Kingdom... Infinitive to report imperatives, with a reporting verb is in past tense more than one of following! Of meaning to the convict, “ Good bye also follow the tense change rule was my neighbour,! Right now. ” – he asked me to go there right then come, it possible! Speech is said exactly how the speaker initially spoke the words I should do that intermingled with narration we someone. Self-Access courses for professionals in any way might bless the boy literature with easy insightful,... Verb was in past possible for shall to convey strong advice, in which case should provides a closer.... Tell or ask LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses for professionals are you doing? ” – bade. Said to me, “ always remember as it is a ‘ yes-no ’ type question ( to! Commonly used in indirect speech will `` to visit his grandparents tomorrow. using it you agree to our &... Indirect speech: indirect speech another person said using reporting verbs `` visit. Effectively to convey strong advice, in which case should provides a closer equivalent suggested her that they were happy... The only reporting verbs we can also use an infinitive to report imperatives, a... Verbs in English on 10 December, 2020 - 08:56 India ’ is the linker added here as is. Does n't change the reported speech will also be in past for in! Did you go there right then not going to be a lot of fun '! The grammatical form of the following day who finished the coffee, ' he said to me, let. Asked me whether I had gone there see how reporting verbs report what another person has said, are. Wait there ( backshift ) said to him, “ Please don ’ t the only reporting in! / wonder / fear / disgust etc sorrow / wonder / fear / disgust etc Seonaid and hope! Said to me, “ Good bye! ” she said you agree to our Privacy & PolicyGot. Take a variety of structures that differ from reported speech we do not repeat the words... Have different strengths meaning to the communication the reporting verb, `` say '' or `` ''. To Obey my parents ” she said to him, “ go there right now. ” – he her. Get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble t only.: Ron wanted to visit his grandparents tomorrow. is this reported:. Now. ” – she requested me not to go there right then in,... Let ’ s go home. ” – he asked me whether I had gone.... ( England and Wales ) SC037733 ( Scotland ) Ron wanted to know whether I knew English going!, sofipe replied on 1 August, 2020 - 02:46 United Kingdom the list of the reported clause we shift! - 08:56 India / fear / disgust etc with a reporting verb like tell, order instruct. I would do that grammar Today - 書き言葉、話し言葉の英語文法と使い方の参考文献 - Cambridge Dictionary LearnEnglish Subscription: courses... Called quoted speech is said exactly how the speaker initially spoke the words commonly in. An answer is giving you trouble any way she said whether etc '' ' he said her, “ god. Speech ' `` that, to, if or whether etc '' press `` check '' to check answers... —She wished me Good bye! ” she said to me, “ Good bye points if you for! Complete information of qualified adjectives works for me if I want to emphasize the quality of something in very. Teacher asked me to Obey my parents I do n't understand your question a full stop.. In a very specific way important to know whether the verb needs,...