The more harvests done, the better it is for the growth of the sweet basil herb. Basil loves hot weather and can be damaged by frost, according to Fine Gardening. Once temperatures hit 80°F (27°C), basil will really start leafing out. It’s normal to cut one-third of the plant down as you harvest. We start our basil from small seedlings; we rarely start it from seed. Step 1: Allow your basil to flower and go to seed . Basil seed collecting is that simple. Plants and fruit will both be harmed by a frost, and it’s better to have underripe squash than lose your crop! Harvest in the early morning, when leaves are at their juiciest. Chop fresh basil and add it to sauces, marinades or salads, or pair it with vegetables, meat or fish. Basil, royal herb, St. Joseph’s Wort, Thai basil, Genovese basil, Greek basil, Italian basil, Holy basil, and a wide range of variety names: Scientific Name: Ocimum basilicum: Germination Time: 8-14 days depending on variety: Days to Harvest: Around 75 days depending on variety: Light: Full sun, 6-8 hours per day. Continue to plant basil seeds in the garden every 2 to 3 weeks, for a continuous supply of fresh basil leaves. Drizzle a little olive oil on the leaves and store them in the refrigerator. Before You Harvest: Water your basil the night before you intend to harvest. Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is an aromatic herb native to tropical Asia and commonly used in Italian, Indian and Southeast Asian cuisine. Before you use any of it for your cooking, you need to know how to harvest basil first. The procedure is simple, put the leaves in a freezer bag and store it in the freezer. Whether you direct-sow basil or start the seed indoors about six weeks before the last expected spring frost, it can take 50 to 75 days before basil is harvest-ready. To dry basil, remove the leaves from the stems. Plant your basil in a plastic or enameled pot that is at least 16 inches in diameter. There are other preservation methods that will allow you to preserve the flavor of your crop and really enjoy that crisp taste. You’ll want to pick that cluster off as soon as possible. Use a fine colander for basil seed collecting, as the black seeds are very tiny. How to harvest basil leaves and branches. If you add the month that it took the plant to get ready for harvest, you get the total number of 7 months, which is almost twice as long as the manufacturer claims. How To Dry and Grind Fresh Herbs in 4 Easy Steps | Grass Fed Girl. Harvest at the End of the Grow Season If you want to keep your plant strong and healthy for a long time, you should also pay attention to remove all the flowers as soon as you notice them. Some gardeners even claim that you don’t even have to wait until the plant reaches the above-mentioned height and that you can start harvesting as soon as the basil developed a few sets of leaves. Put the puree into ice cube trays and freeze. Here’s a good tutorial if you’re interested. Some seeds might be ready to harvest an entire three weeks earlier than others, even if the seeds are on the same plant. Found in many a home garden, the fragrant herb basil flourishes in warm, sunny conditions with periodic watering. Therefore, let’s see how to preserve excess basil. To harvest basil in the right way, there is a technique you should follow. Just like I said above, harvesting and pruning mean the same thing in the case of basil. To read more about us, just click the link below. Basil. The seeds are contained in the spent flower head. Basil is definitely one of the most beloved aromatic herbs in the world. Although many gardening experts claim that basil can be harvested as soon as the plant reaches about 12 inches in height, many inexpert cultivators, such as I once was, will fear of not damaging a too young plant. No need to despair. Harvesting basil from the top of each stem will ensure that it can regrow after harvesting. When the tallest part of the plant reaches 6 … Covering soil with a 2-inch layer of mulch helps retain water in the soil and extend time between waterings. You can also plant your basil indoors to extend its growing season. If you grow your basil from seed, you can expect it to be about 60 days before your basil is ready to harvest. This will determine the plant to grow two new stalks from the cutting point. Cut close to the tip to encourage the basil plant to fill out and grow bushy. You can harvest basil leaves as soon as they appear on the plant. To harvest a small amount of basil, just remove a few leaves for use. Plants will be at least 10 inches tall How do I harvest BASIL? Next to cilantro, basil … You will notice that, in the case of a healthy plant, you will be able to harvest new basil leaves (and prune the plant) once a week. Harvest leaves a few at a time at first. How to transplant Basil? They're easy to grow with the right care, and especially if the grower knows how to harvest sweet... Learning to Harvest Parsley Parsley is one of the most widely used herbs in cooking and therefore harvesting is important. If the leaves are crunched easily they can be stored. Another method of freezing basil is by chopping the leaves, then place them in ice cube trays, add water or oil, and freeze them. Learn when to harvest and how to cure storing onions to provide delicious flavor to winter soups, bone broths, chili, stews, and roasts. Here's an example of one that isn't ready. How To Dry Rosemary How To Dry Basil Herbal Remedies Natural Remedies Bouquet Garni Spices And Herbs Der Arm Dehydrated Food Growing Herbs. This will promote new growth and encourage more of a bush-like appearance. Apply a 5-10-5 fertilizer at a rate of 3 ounces for every 10 feet of soil once or twice during the growing season. The green flower stalk will emerge, and you’ll soon see white flowers. When: Harvest basil right before the plants start to bud and the flowers start to bloom (also known as “bolting”). Following these tips, you will soon be able to harvest more basil than the one you need for your recipes. Make sure to pick the leaves regularly to encourage growth throughout the summer. This is among vital steps on how to harvest sweet basil to make sure the herb continuous to have productive leafing. I don't know exactly how long they've been growing, but it's been at least since June. Basil is simple to grow in the home garden or in an indoor herb garden, thriving in sunny, moist conditions. Now, let’s see a few tips on how to harvest basil. Be sure to cut or pinch right above a leaf pair rather than leaving a stub. How Long Does it Take for Basil to Grow True Leaves? Once the new stalks developed several sets of leaves, you should repeat the same operation for each basil stalk. How do you harvest basil without killing the plant? Now that you know when to harvest … Final Harvest: At the end of the season (before the first frost), cut the stems to the ground and pick off all the leaves. Cut off the brown and spent flower heads and let them dry for a few days in a warm, dry location. The most time I’ve harvested a basil plant for was about 6 months. Now, you not only know when to harvest basil but also how to do it and how to preserve it.If you have any questions, or if you want to share your experiences with us, just leave a comment below. At this stage, you can go ahead and cut off the entire plant at ground level with a pair of garden shears. Allow me to disagree… dried basil has absolutely no flavor and it is pretty much useless. Cut back whole stem for use in larger harvests. Harvest the rest of your butternut squash crop before the first frost, whether they’re ripe or not. Using scissors or your fingers, pinch off the top couple inches of stalk and leaves. Harvesting of basil can begin as soon as the plant has at least six sets of leaves. Picking them before the heat of the day will give you the juiciest leaves, but you can still pick them any time of day if you can’t get out in the morning. Black seeds are ready to be picked while green seeds are still ripening. How to Harvest Basil By Catherine M. Albano, eHow Contributor . Don’t worry when you see how much of the plant you’ve cut off. You will be able to use the basil cubes whenever you need them. Preparing basil oil or pesto are other alternative methods to preserve basil. Store dried basil (either whole or ground) in a plastic container with a tight lid in a cool, dark place for up to one year. Mmm, basil. In Italy, it was placed on a windowsill as a signal to one’s lover. Simply snap a few off, or cut them using small scissors. A common, and my favorite, method to preserve basil is freezing it. Â© Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. You have to understand that they are trying to promise less and deliver more. Each stem should have around 8 pairs of good-sized leaves. Harvesting basil, biting into tiny sun gold tomatoes, feeling my skin warm under the bright sun, drinking iced tea: these are the things I think of when I think of summer's bounty. Once established, give your basil 1 to 2 inches of water every seven to 10 days. I’m Emily Steiner and I’m the head editor at ProperlyRooted. How to Harvest Basil. Cutting back entire stems will result in a … I mean yes, you could just pull away any leaves from the plant, but that would do nothing but decrease your basil production. It will grow back and be ready to harvest again in approximately 2-3 weeks. Unlike most herbs, which flower, turn brown and are then ready to harvest the seeds, basil can produce ripe seeds right alongside developing seeds. This requires no effort, just continue to water it and be patient. Begin harvesting basil shortly after the seed sprouts and the second set of leaves appear. The optimum time for harvesting basil leaves is when they're a medium size (very large leaves might have lost their flavor already) and the plant is at least 3 to 4 inches (8 to 10 centimeters) tall [source: Seeley ]. Crush the heads over the colander and pick out the old petals and any chaff. This will help you to get the well-preserved basil once it is dry. Store the cubes in zip-close freezer bags for use in soups, stews, sauces or pesto. Wash the leaves in cold water, and dry them with paper towels. How To Harvest Basil Seeds. This is one of the questions that tormented me when I first started to grow basil. Are your onions ready to harvest? With time, the basil production will increase since you will get to prune several stalks at once. Thereafter, harvest basil as often as needed. According to folklore, basil was used in love spells, provided good luck and protected against evil. How to Harvest Basil. To do this, when harvesting, you should cut the stalk of the plant at the height of the second set of leaves. In addition, you will be able to brag with a beautiful robust plant instead of having a “leggy” basil. For the usual, you can also use the pruning system. There's no better way to add flavor to summer dishes than with a bit of this fresh herb. How to Get Rid of Ground Bees in 3 Easy Steps, Best Portable Greenhouse For Outdoor Growing, Best Cordless Snow Blower For Light Duty Use, The Best Husqvarna Snow Blower For Residential And Professional Use. On the other hand, if you focus on growing the plant, stimulating it to develop new stalks, you will notice how your basil production will increase constantly. At the first prediction of the first frost in fall, even a mild one, go ahead and harvest all of the remaining basil leaves. When to Pick Basil. To dry them, hang leaf-bearing stems upside down in a cool, dry area with good airflow. Sweet basil lovers should also have a garden of the herb and know how to harvest sweet basil leaves, among other things. Be careful as you pluck off seeds. These pots hold moisture longer and lessen the number of waterings your basil needs. If you want to take just a little bit of basil, harvest it by clipping, … How Long Does It Take to Be Able to Harvest Basil? The best time to harvest most herbs (including basil) is in the morning. The basil leaves don’t need to ripe so many find it difficult to understand when to harvest basil without causing damage to the plant. Missouri Botanical Garden: Ocimum basilicum. BUT, if you want to let your basil set seeds for next season’s planting, leave the plant alone to do its thing. When you water your basil plant, measure it with a tape measure or ruler to see how much it has grown. They do not need to ripen or reach a certain size, but there should be enough leaves on the plant that taking a few doesn't strip it. I have a pot with two or three basil plants. If you’re wanting to harvest basil leaves, this isn’t a good sign. That way, your basil will have a chance to soak up all that delicious water and your leaves will last longer after you harvest. If allowed to flower, basil becomes woody, produces fewer leaves and tastes bitter. Start picking the leaves of basil as soon as the plants are 6 to 8 inches tall. Basil will be ready to pick and use around 8 weeks after planting the seeds. If you look closely at the basil flower stems after the petals have fallen off you can identify the seeds beginning to develop. The small, young plants you usually get at the nursery are usually ready almost immediately for some plucking. Feed your basil every four to six weeks with a liquid fertilizer diluted to half the label's recommended strength. If planting outdoors, sow your basil seeds in late spring in soil that has been amended with 2 to 4 inches of compost and receives six to eight hours of full sun a day. This is one of the questions that tormented me when I first started to grow basil. When harvesting more copious amounts of basil, harvest from the top of the plant downward. 3. Harvesting basil can be done in three (3) different ways for the best results. It not only comes in many varieties and it is used in many dishes but it is also easy to grow both indoors or outdoors. This operation is essential for the health of the plant since it will allow the plant to grow stronger and increase its yield. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. How to harvest butternut squash. How to Harvest Basil. They are about 4" tall currently. Basil How do I know BASIL is ready to harvest? After harvesting basil, it can be dried, frozen or eaten fresh. Method 1of 3:Harvesting Basil Leaves. With time I understood that, in fact, basil can be harvested as soon as the plant is about 12 inches tall in all safety, and that harvesting… or pruning which in the case of aromatic herbs is the same thing is essential to ensure a healthy development of the plant. Freeze basil for later use by pureeing the leaves in a blender, adding water as needed, until a thick paste is formed. Basil leaves grow in sets, opposite each other Pick or cut the basil plant right above the second set of leaves If you see flowers on the plant, pinch them off to encourage Later, simply clip the stems at the first or second branch intersection below … From then until the first flower buds form it will grow lush, tender foliage. If taking an entire branch, snip it just above a leaf pair, which encourages new growth. The force you use to pluck off individual seeds can cause the stem to recoil, and if there are too many mature seeds on the plant, they may break off with the force of that recoil and fly off as a result. But even if basil is one of those herbs that everybody grows in a pot, it seems that many cultivators are confused when it comes to harvesting. Harvest Thai Basil with the right technique, and it will grow back for continuous harvests. Freezing is one of the major methods used for storing the basil. Place your potted basil in a window that gets at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight through it a day. If you harvest more basil leaves that you can use immediately, they can still be dried or frozen with good results. Although many gardening experts claim that basil can be harvested as soon as the plant reaches about 12 inches in height, many inexpert cultivators, such as I once was, will fear of not damaging a too young plant. The Best Way to Harvest Basil Tip #2: After about one week, strip the dried leaves from the stems. Pick basil in the morning when the essential oils are at their peak freshness. It is best to pick basil leaves just before you plan to use them because this results in the most flavorful and tender leaves. Because many supermarkets sell dried basil, many cultivators believe that drying basil leaves could be a good preservation method. If you purchase a large live basil plant, you’ll be ready to harvest very soon after repotting. Basik grows in USDA hardiness zones 2 to 11, according to Missouri Botanical Garden. After the plants have produced their first 6 sets of true leaves (about 6-8″ in height), cut them off at an angle just above the second set of leaves. Nevertheless, as basil is a plant that grows pretty fast, I believe that it is better to wait for the plant to develop a little before passing to harvesting. Take older leaves from the top of the plant first. I picked a green part from the plant as an example to show you. Cover your seeds with 1/4 inch of soil and keep them moist until germination occurs in about five to seven days. If left to develop, the flowers will transform into seeds and the basil plant will die soon after. In addition to harvesting leaves, prune your basil plant periodically by snipping back the tops of stems to prevent your basil from flowering. 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